A ‘Samoanised’ form of Christianity now exists in the EFKS (Ekalesia Fa‘apotopotoga Kerisiano o Samoa), also known as the Congregational Christian Church of Samoa, or CCCS. Credit: Historic footage supplied by Nga Taonga Sound & Vision and Archives New Zealand. There are many explanations for the name Samoa. The Samoan Islands were first settled some 3,500 years ago as part of the Austronesian expansion. Entry was not unrestricted. Samoan Migration Story Pasefika Proud is proud to launch this series of Migration and Legacy stories of our Pacific fathers. Although Samoans have travelled to New Zealand since the early 1900s, it was not until the 1950s that they migrated in large numbers. Social Space (Vä) Sa‘iliemanu Lilomaiava-Doktor. In 1830 the Reverend John Williams landed in Savai‘i, bringing the Christian gospel. Other Samoan converts studied in … Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence. His advice is simple, follow your dreams. However, on 28 December 1929 at least nine Samoans, including the high-ranking chief Tupua Tamasese Lealofi III, were shot dead by New Zealand military police during a peaceful demonstration. In the process of doing research I began to envision the Samoan trans- nationalized system as a large circle in which Samoa comprises the center, Return Migration to American Samoa 257 and Pacific Rim countries-the United States, Aotearoa/N ew Zealand, and Australia-form the periphery from which money is extracted and processed in the manufacture of Samoan prestige. This led a small number of Samoans to migrate to Australia, drawn by commercial and educational opportunities. Many Samoans moved to New Zealand for greater opportunities and a better education for their children. Remaining essentially unchanged since 1962, New Zealand's immigration policy gives preferential treatment to Western Samoans and recognizes their valuable labor contribution. The Polynesian Society is indebted to Dr. John Fraser of Sydney for permission to reproduce in this Journal his paper originally pnblished in the "Transactions of the Royal Society, N.S.W.," 1891, on the "Samoan story of Creation." The Polynesian Panthers emerged in the 1970s to support Pacific peoples in New Zealand. The Contemporary Pacific, V olume 21, Number 1, 1–32 The story of the migration of the Polynesian Navigators (Samoan and Manu'an) across the East Pacific 3150 years ago. The three structural elements to Fa'a Samoa are the matai (chiefs), aiga (extended family), and the church. In 1899 after years of civil war, the islands of the Samoan archipelago were divided – the Germans taking the islands to the west and the Americans taking the islands to the east, now known as American Samoa. Governed by Fa'a Samoa which can be translated to 'The Samoan Way', the culture is heavily focused on family, respect of elders and being of service to others. Archaeological and linguistic evidence suggests that Samoa, Fiji and Tonga may be the original homelands of the Polynesians. In the 2013 census, 144,138 New Zealanders identified themselves as being of Samoan ethnicity with 50,658 stating that they were born in Samoa, and 636 stating that they were born in … For many Samoans, Christianity and Fa‘a Samoa (Samoan culture) are inextricably interwoven. All text licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence unless otherwise stated. A second interesting feature of Samoan migration is its racial composition. They are hilly, with palm trees and beaches along the coastlines. Samoan Migration Story Pasefika Proud is proud to launch this series of Migration and Legacy stories of our Pacific fathers. In fact the Hawaiian traditions tell a great deal more about Paao, the founder of the high-priest family of Hawaii, than about Pili, the ancestor of kings. Many more died during a famine caused by the resulting disruption to agriculture. Movement (Malaga) and the Geography of . Told in a three book series: 1st book: Navigators: Quest for a Kingdom in Polynesia to be released in … All non-text content is subject to specific conditions. The first European to sight the islands was a Dutchman, Jacob Roggeveen, in 1722. back story behind Samoa. Politicians blamed Pacific Islanders for overloading social services, and they shaped a negative stereotype of Pacific Islanders. Later, the French explorer Louis Antoine de Bougainville called Samoa’s islands ‘the Navigator Islands’. lie north of New Zealand between latitude 13° and 15° south The Samoan Islands were first settled some 3,500 years ago as part of the Austronesian expansion.Both Samoa's early history and its more recent history are strongly connected to the histories of Tonga and Fiji, nearby islands with which Samoa has long had genealogical links as well as shared cultural traditions.. European explorers first reached the Samoan islands in the early 18th century. Eli and ARMANIs prezi buddies migration on the move 2 this the samoan migration what if samoan migrate to america samoa or australia to see their or me and Armani's family 7 even tho some samons dont migrate cause they have celebrations in samoa 1 How many samoan migrated to 3 6 During the first part of the 20th century, growing Samoan discontent with the New Zealand administration led to an independence movement called the Mau, which was non-violent. The concept of fa‘asamoa is essential to Samoan identity, and consists of a number of values and traditions: 1. aiga (family) 2. tautala Samoa (Samoan language) 3. gafa (genealogies) 4. matai (chiefly system) 5. lotu (church) 6. fa‘alavelave (ceremonial and other family obligations). Samoans came to New Zealand from two islands in Samoa: Upolu and Savai‘i. In 2013, 144,138 people of Samoan ethnicity were living in New Zealand – about half of all those with Pacific ethnicity. In 1918 the New Zealand trading ship Talune docked in Apia, carrying people infected with Spanish influenza. The first was launched at the Gathering of the 3000 and features Etipasi Daniells-Silva who migrated from Samoa in 1958 with dreams of becoming a “film star”. The fa‘asamoa practised in Samoa may differ from that in N… In 1982 the Citizenship (Western Samoa) Act granted citizenship to Samoan-born New Zealanders. Migration from Samoan Islands to the USA began in the 19th century. The first, launched at the Gathering of the 3000, features Etipasi Daniells-Silva who migrated from Samoa in 1958 with dreams of becoming a “film star”. Samoan History Migrants from Southeast Asia arrived in the Samoan islands more than 2,000 years ago and from there settled the rest of Polynesia further to the east. New Zealand was a strange place at first but he made his way, raised a family and his legacy lives on through his children and the people whose lives he touched. Samoans or Samoan people (Samoan: tagata Sāmoa) are the indigenous Polynesian people of the Samoan Islands, an archipelago in Polynesia, who speak the Samoan language.The group's home islands are politically and geographically divided between the Independent State of Samoa and American Samoa, an unincorporated territory of the United States of America. From 1964, the government issued three-month visas, and from 1967 it set annual quotas for immigrants. Polynesians traveling in outrigger canoes arrived in the Samoan archipelago about 1000 bce, as indicated by Lapita pottery shards found in Mulifanua Lagoon on Upolu. Despite the tough immigration laws, Samoans continued to enter New Zealand. Samoan New Zealanders are Samoan immigrants in New Zealand, their descendants, and New Zealanders of Samoan ethnic descent. In 1899 possession of Samoa was divided between Germany (Western Samoa) and the United States (Eastern Samoa). The two large islands are Upolu and Savai‘i, and the only other inhabited islands are Manono and Apolima. © Crown Copyright. They informed people of their legal rights, ran homework centres for school children, visited inmates at Auckland’s Pāremoremo prison, put on concerts, and supported Māori protests. ... oral tradition is maintained of ancestral voyages from the Samoan islands. Dawn raids on the homes of alleged overstayers began in 1974. They constitute one of New Zealand's most sizeable ethnic minorities. The first was launched at the Gathering of the 3000 and features Etipasi Daniells-Silva who migrated from Samoa in 1958 with dreams of becoming a “film star”. Commercial re-use may be allowed on request. About 80 km south-east is Tutuila, the principal island of the smaller territory of American Samoa. Although many Samoans and Tongans were guilty of overstaying their visas, the focus on these two ethnic groups was unacceptable to many. But when the New Zealand economy declined after 1973, this flexibility ended. At the outbreak of the First World War in 1914, New Zealand occupied Western Samoa and administered the islands until 1962, under a mandate from the League of Nations. Samoa is a very Christian community, and there are many large and beautiful churches. One is that when the earth’s centre – known as ‘moa’ – was born, Salevao, the god of the cliffs, brought water to wash the new child. Samoans are the original inhabitants of the Samoa Islands, which lie north of New Zealand between latitude 13° and 15° south. the samoan story of creation—a 'tala.' Samoa - Samoa - History: The following discussion focuses on Samoa since European contact. Since 2002 the quota has allowed 1,100 Samoans to be granted residence each year. After that, new quotas for entry were set. In 1962 Samoa became the first Pacific nation to regain independence, and a Treaty of Friendship was signed with New Zealand. The first was launched at the Gathering of the 3000 and features Etipasi Daniells-Silva who migrated from Samoa in 1958 with dreams of becoming a “film star”. A clear majority of Samoans were now born in New Zealand; those born in Samoa numbered 50,658. The Samoans were part of the first Mormon Polynesian colony in the USA, which was founded in Utah in 1889 and consisted of Samoans, Hawaiian natives, Tahitians, and Maori people.. American Samoa officially became a U.S. territory in 1900 with the Treaty of Cession of Tutuila and in 1904 with the Treaty of Cession of Manu'a. University Samoan Migration 18-29 30-39 40-49 50 + 1 10.3 10.4 108.8 10.0 119.3 15.5 128.4 55 21.2 Average 116.5 199 16.9 41 33 826 0.05 > 0.05 < Blood pressure Tables 8 and 9 show comparisons of blood pressure readings among Samoans living in San Francisco with native and migrant populations in Samoa and Hawaii. In June 2002 New Zealand Prime Minister Helen Clark formally apologised to Samoa for three actions taken by the New Zealand administration between 1918 and 1929: allowing the ship Talune, carrying passengers with influenza, to dock in Apia, which resulted in the deaths of more than one in five Samoans; shooting non-violent protesters in December 1929; and banishing Samoan leaders and stripping them of their chiefly titles. Samoan Migration to New Zealand 19 anthropologists, students of economic institutions and other academics ; they should also be of vital interest to policy-makers and administrators. New Zealand is a big place. Thirdly, Samoan migration, like other Polynesian migration to New Zealand in recent years, shows a high proportion of females to males—a feature less common in other migration movements. For many Samoans, Christianity and fa‘asamoa (Samoan culture) are inextricably interwoven. Misatauveve Melani Anae, 'Samoans - History and migration', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/samoans/page-1 (accessed 6 February 2021), Story by Misatauveve Melani Anae, published 8 Feb 2005, updated 25 Mar 2015. Personal Migration Story From Samoa Yesterday during social studies Ms Robertson's mother came into our class and spoke about Migration. Samoa, formerly called Western Samoa, is admired for its natural beauty and friendly people. I believe that a migration narrative can be established for the Samoan people as the first and true descendants of Polynesia. Between 1971 and 1981 the number of Samoan-born residents doubled, reaching 24,141. In 2020, net migration rate for Samoa was -14.3 migrants per thousand population. Pasefika Proud is proud to launch this series of Migration and Legacy stories of our Pacific fathers. And forging a culture and founding a nation in isolation. They pointed out that the greatest influx of temporary migrants in these years was from the United Kingdom and Australia. This led to a devastating and avoidable outbreak of the disease which killed about 8,500 Samoans – over 20% of the population. Manu'a Islands, AMERICAN SAMOA — Samoan Orator Chief, Fata Ariu Levi, invites you to join him on a journey through science and history as he announces the fulfilment of his lifelong ambition in the release of his book: Navigators Quest for a Kingdom in Polynesia. Chief Tupua Tamasese Lealofi III lies in state. by an oceanic people distinguished by their production of Lapita pottery—a unique pottery form named after one of the original sites of pottery shard discovery in Melanesia. Data related to issues of family violence for Pacific peoples, Auckland Family Violence Service Providers, Family Violence Service Providers Outside Auckland, Pacific Family Violence Prevention Training (What you need to know), Pacific Competency (Addressing Family Violence through Pacific Cultural Frameworks). Samoa is an enchanting nation that is brimming with culture history and tradition. As long as the demand for labour was strong, the regulations were not enforced. He recalls learning about different cultures including NZ Maori, Samoan and Tokelauan. The story of Pili depends upon another story which must be told first. She spoke about how her family had a wish/goal to build a Pakeha house in Samoa and how they achieve and accomplished to build that wish/goal. Migration became a serious phenomenon after independence in 1962, with primarily young, unskilled workers moving to take up jobs in the agricultural and service sectors. This paper was largely inspired by the desire to interpret informa tion, limited as it is, gathered from the Annual Reports of the Samoan For additional treatment in a regional context, see Pacific Islands, history of. Beyond “Migration”: Samoan Population . The weather is different, work is harder, and what you see will be new. It was only during the post-war years that the number of Full-blood Samoans exceeded that of the Mixed-blood migrants. ... Second Migration of Pacific People Part 1 of 3 - Duration: 9:19. After Wesleyan missionaries from Australia began to visit Samoa in 1857, Samoan pastors began to travel to Australia for training and work. Samoan migrant stories – What working in NZ is really like Immigration New Zealand. Contact with Europeans began in the early 1700s but did not intensify until the arrival of English missionaries and traders in the 1830s. Not far from the year 1100 A.D., two priest brothers were living on Upolu, one of the Samoan … There are also the associated values of alofa (love), tautua (service), fa‘aaloalo (respect), feagaiga (a covenant between sibilings and others) and usita‘i (discipline). As New Zealand’s industry and the service sector expanded over the next 30 years, the search for labour was extended to territories and former territories in the Pacific. Though Samoa net migration rate fluctuated substantially in recent years, it tended to increase through 1975 - 2020 period ending at -14.3 migrants per thousand population in 2020. This was the beginning of the change from the ‘time of darkness’ to the ‘time of light’, as most of the population converted to Congregationalism. Over the centuries Samoans exchanged news, trade and marriage partners with neighbouring Pacific peoples (mainly Fijians and Tongans). HISTORY The Samoan islands were colonized between 500 and 800 B.C. He made water ‘sa’ (holy) to the child and all that grew on the earth. It was from these islands that, some 2,000 years ago, Polynesians settled the rest of the South Pacific, eventually reaching New Zealand. This form of Christianity is also found in the Samoan components of the Pacific Islanders’ Presbyterian Church. Tagata Pasifika 18,080 views. Stories of our Pacific fathers: Samoan Migration Story Pasefika Proud have launched a series of Migration and Legacy stories of our Pacific fathers. For older Pacific Islanders, the traumatic dawn raids remain bitter memories. The next story in the Pasefika Proud Migration and Legacy series of our Pacific fathers features Samuel Samuel who came to New Zealand from the Cook Islands in 1964. Cultures including NZ Maori, Samoan pastors began to visit Samoa in 1857, Samoan pastors to... The traumatic dawn raids remain bitter memories ethnic groups was unacceptable to many the Panthers! 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